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How to Convert ES6 into ES5 using Babel

Use babel npm package to transpile your ES6 to ES5

  1. Setup your project to use npm by running npm init command. This will create a package.json file in the root directory
  2. install babel required packages
npm install --save-dev @babel/core @babel/cli @babel/preset-env @babel/node
  • babel-cli package includes command line Babel tools
  • babel-preset-env package has the code that maps ES6 and above (ES6+), to ES5
  1. Create .babelrc file. Inside .babelrc you need to define the preset for your source JavaScript file. To specify that you are transpiling code from an ES6+ source, add the following code into .babelrc:
"presets": ["@babel/preset-env"]
  1. Create a npm build script using the babel command in package.json
"scripts": {
"build": "babel src -d build"

The babel command takes two arguments: the path to your ES6 code and a path where you want your ES5 code to be placed.

Adding the -d flag to the command instructs Babel to write the transpiled code to a directory. In above example, ES6 code is in src directory and babel writes the transpiled code into 'build' directory.

  1. Run the npm command
npm run build

Now you'll see your converted JavaScript files in the build directory.


  • Babel provides an online tool to try out the conversion.


Convert ES6 into ES5 using Babel